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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Uvarova Maria

Uvarova Maria

PhD in History, Associate Professor at the Department of History and Geography of Foreign States of the Moscow State Linguistic University. Address: 36 Ostozhenka str., 119034 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: uvarovamaria82@gmail.com.

Publications

Power of Will or Power of Circumstances? Louis Antoine de Saint-Just and an Archetypes of a Revolutionary’s Mindset / Logos. 2015. № 6 (108). P. 114-151
annotation:  The article focuses on the problem of archetypes of a revolutionary’s mind. The French Revolution became a phenomenon concerning not only socio-political structures, but also moral values and ideas. It formed a new type of individual and new ways of thinking. Louis Antoine Saint-Just, one of the most prominent revolutionary leaders, has been chosen as an example of such thinking. Neither Russian nor French histriography schools have considered him to be a revolutionary archetype, perferring instead to concentrate on his political ideas, which followed the general paradigm of the Enlightenment. The author argues that it would be much more fruitful to study the phenomenon of a revolutionary’s thought based on historical and philosophical analysis, and to analyze a revolutionary’s psychological «type» on the basis of the example of Saint-Just. Such an archetype may be applied to the revolutionaries of the following epochs. The author poiunts out that the ideas of Saint-Just can be compared to Sergey Nechaev’s famed “Revolutionary’s catechism.” His speeches and treatises reflect a revolutionary’s moral foundations, his views of individual and social virtues and ideals, his vision of a new society in which an individual’s moral characteristics play the leading role and where morality influences his political behaviour. The peculiarity of a revolutionary’s thinking is the polarization of reality, dividing it into an enemy and a devoted citizen, the denial of any compromise and looking towards the future. The author stresses that such stereotypes of a revolutionary’s logic are the creation of the image of a foe, the notion of the dictatorship of justice, a peculiar vision of indulgence not as an act of compassion, but as a crime aimed to excuse a traitor of the republic. Saint-Just formed a clear and pragmatic plan for the conversion of society and defined the behavioral and moral traits of the type of individual that should dominate this society.
Keywords:  French revolution; terror; montagnards; revolutionary thinking; dictatorship of justice

Uvarova Maria

PhD in History, Associate Professor at the Department of History and Geography of Foreign States of the Moscow State Linguistic University. Address: 36 Ostozhenka str., 119034 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: uvarovamaria82@gmail.com.

Publications

Power of Will or Power of Circumstances? Louis Antoine de Saint-Just and an Archetypes of a Revolutionary’s Mindset / Logos. 2015. № 6 (108). P. 114-151
annotation:  The article focuses on the problem of archetypes of a revolutionary’s mind. The French Revolution became a phenomenon concerning not only socio-political structures, but also moral values and ideas. It formed a new type of individual and new ways of thinking. Louis Antoine Saint-Just, one of the most prominent revolutionary leaders, has been chosen as an example of such thinking. Neither Russian nor French histriography schools have considered him to be a revolutionary archetype, perferring instead to concentrate on his political ideas, which followed the general paradigm of the Enlightenment. The author argues that it would be much more fruitful to study the phenomenon of a revolutionary’s thought based on historical and philosophical analysis, and to analyze a revolutionary’s psychological «type» on the basis of the example of Saint-Just. Such an archetype may be applied to the revolutionaries of the following epochs. The author poiunts out that the ideas of Saint-Just can be compared to Sergey Nechaev’s famed “Revolutionary’s catechism.” His speeches and treatises reflect a revolutionary’s moral foundations, his views of individual and social virtues and ideals, his vision of a new society in which an individual’s moral characteristics play the leading role and where morality influences his political behaviour. The peculiarity of a revolutionary’s thinking is the polarization of reality, dividing it into an enemy and a devoted citizen, the denial of any compromise and looking towards the future. The author stresses that such stereotypes of a revolutionary’s logic are the creation of the image of a foe, the notion of the dictatorship of justice, a peculiar vision of indulgence not as an act of compassion, but as a crime aimed to excuse a traitor of the republic. Saint-Just formed a clear and pragmatic plan for the conversion of society and defined the behavioral and moral traits of the type of individual that should dominate this society.
Keywords:  French revolution; terror; montagnards; revolutionary thinking; dictatorship of justice
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