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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Krasavin Igor

Krasavin Igor

Associate Professor, krasavin.i@gmail.com. Department of Social Philosophy, Ural Federal University (UrFU), 51 Lenin ave., 620083 Yekaterinburg, Russia.

Publications

Heterarchy of the Multitude / Logos. 2017. № 3 (118). P. 173-198
annotation:  The paper analyzes society as a multitude, the structure of which is a heterarchy, thus presenting society as a heterogeneous, yet ordered multiplicity. This order is based on organizing exterior relations that determine themselves in the process of difference and repetition. This approach implies that the fractal similitude of society is the source of its multiple order. This work follows the heterodoxal tradition in social theory and is based on the theory of social mimesis by Gabriel Tarde, actor-network theory by Bruno Latour, the theory of social assemblage by Manuel DeLanda, and develops the philosophy of multiplicity suggestions by Gilles Deleuze. The paper argues that we should rethink the notion of multitude, introduced into philosophy by Alexandre Matheron and developed by Antonio Negri and PaoloVirno. The social philosophical sense of multitude is analogous to late Latin multitudo (crowd) and mathematical set (eternal aggregate of elements) by Georg Cantor, as well as to geometrical manifold (a space of different kinds of orders) by Bernhard Riemann. As a model of emergent social structure, multitude is compared to a network, presented by Eugene Thacker as a consequence of different topologies. DeLanda’s multiscale model of society overcomes contradictions of the previous interpretations (mainly, reification of theoretical model by institutional order and substitution of concepts). The organisation of multiple social orders takes place through the notion of heterarchy, firstly proposed in neurobiology in works by Warren McCulloch as a model of the neural network. Heterarchy appears a structure (as an object) with a topological dimension and its virtual properties, actualizing through a practical co-presence of relations. This paper demonstrates how the social structure organises itself as spatial allocation of social processes in irreversible temporal sequence. The heterarchical model of society presupposes a process of self-organisation, which finds its analogies in Operaismo theory (general intellect — social mind) and in the sociology of management (heterarchy as distributed intelligence). Nevertheless, the inner constitution of heterarchy, which consists of exterior relations and exists as a virtual one, imposes restrictions on possible institutional embodiments for any theoretical model of this kind.
Keywords:  multitude; heterarchy; topology; heterogeneity; difference; structure; assemblage; similitude; exteriority; virtuality; (ir)reversibility

Krasavin Igor

Associate Professor, krasavin.i@gmail.com. Department of Social Philosophy, Ural Federal University (UrFU), 51 Lenin ave., 620083 Yekaterinburg, Russia.

Publications

Heterarchy of the Multitude / Logos. 2017. № 3 (118). P. 173-198
annotation:  The paper analyzes society as a multitude, the structure of which is a heterarchy, thus presenting society as a heterogeneous, yet ordered multiplicity. This order is based on organizing exterior relations that determine themselves in the process of difference and repetition. This approach implies that the fractal similitude of society is the source of its multiple order. This work follows the heterodoxal tradition in social theory and is based on the theory of social mimesis by Gabriel Tarde, actor-network theory by Bruno Latour, the theory of social assemblage by Manuel DeLanda, and develops the philosophy of multiplicity suggestions by Gilles Deleuze. The paper argues that we should rethink the notion of multitude, introduced into philosophy by Alexandre Matheron and developed by Antonio Negri and PaoloVirno. The social philosophical sense of multitude is analogous to late Latin multitudo (crowd) and mathematical set (eternal aggregate of elements) by Georg Cantor, as well as to geometrical manifold (a space of different kinds of orders) by Bernhard Riemann. As a model of emergent social structure, multitude is compared to a network, presented by Eugene Thacker as a consequence of different topologies. DeLanda’s multiscale model of society overcomes contradictions of the previous interpretations (mainly, reification of theoretical model by institutional order and substitution of concepts). The organisation of multiple social orders takes place through the notion of heterarchy, firstly proposed in neurobiology in works by Warren McCulloch as a model of the neural network. Heterarchy appears a structure (as an object) with a topological dimension and its virtual properties, actualizing through a practical co-presence of relations. This paper demonstrates how the social structure organises itself as spatial allocation of social processes in irreversible temporal sequence. The heterarchical model of society presupposes a process of self-organisation, which finds its analogies in Operaismo theory (general intellect — social mind) and in the sociology of management (heterarchy as distributed intelligence). Nevertheless, the inner constitution of heterarchy, which consists of exterior relations and exists as a virtual one, imposes restrictions on possible institutional embodiments for any theoretical model of this kind.
Keywords:  multitude; heterarchy; topology; heterogeneity; difference; structure; assemblage; similitude; exteriority; virtuality; (ir)reversibility
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