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ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Spiridonov Vladimir

Spiridonov Vladimir

PhD in Psychology, Director of the Center for Cognitive Research of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Leading Researcher at the Cognitive Research Lab of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Address: Prospect Vernadskogo 82, 119571 Moscow, Russia. E-mail:


Problems, Heuristics, Insight and Other Strange Things / Logos. 2014. № 1 (97). P. 97-108
annotation:  This article is dedicated to a theoretical description of the psychological mechanisms responsible for problem solving by humans. We discuss the structure of a problem and basic psychological processes associated with finding a solution: the construction of a secondary system of meanings on basis of the problem conditions which appear to be integrated in a single structure and which are defined in terms of each other (secondary modeling system, according to V. A. Uspenskiy). In this context, we analyze the most notable point of problem solving — insight and heuristics (heuristic strategies) which fulfill service functions and help the problemsolver to manage the problem and their own thinking.
Keywords:  problem, problem solving, secondary modeling system (metasystem), insight, heuristic, strange things
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