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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
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ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Salin Alexey

Salin Alexey

Postgraduate of the Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Address: 27–4 Lomonosovsky prospekt, GSP1, 119991 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: alexsalin22@gmail.com.

Publications

From the Phenomenology of Horror to the Phenomenology of Anxiety: Bibikhin, Heidegger and Overcoming of Correlationism / Logos. 2019. № 5 (132). P. 151-176
annotation:  This paper is an attempt to construct a new phenomenology that will be able to bring us back to things themselves, as Edmund Husserl had promised to his students. Such a phenomenology seeks to reveal and describe phenomena and the conditions of givenness which presuppose a failure of the subject’s capacity for representation and therefore permits an apprehension of something that exists as radically external to the subject. Description of such phenomena paves the way to undermining correlationism from the inside, and a phenomenology of this kind therefore feeds into what is termed speculative realism. Thе paper takes as a starting point Dylan Trigg’s phenomenology of horror, although it lacks a conceptual analysis of horrifying phenomena,and brings Jean-Luc Marion’s concept of a saturated phenomenon to bear on the conceptual analysis of horrifying phenomena. In addition to a phenomenology of horror, the paper also argues for an escape from correlationism by analyzing the feeling of anxiety. By means of a critical analysis of Vladimir Bibikhin’s translation of Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time, the paper establishes a phenomenological distinction between anxiety and horror. The phenomenon of one’s own death is analyzed as a fundamental phenomenon of anxiety. The analysis of the phenomenon of one’s own death introduces the new concept of a perverse phenomenon, which complements Marion’s classification of all possible phenomena. The paper erects a conceptual scheme to describe feelings of horror and anxiety, further analysis of which will enable phenomenology to transition from the life of consciousness to reality-as-it-is. The paper’s concludes with an indication of the phenomena of contemporary culture that should become primary objects of a realistic phenomenology of horror and anxiety.
Keywords:  phenomenology; speculative realism; correlationism; horror; anxiety; saturated phenomenon; perverse phenomenon.
How to pack the lebenswelt into a black box: assembly instructions / Logos. 2018. № 5 (126). P. 137-168
annotation:  This paper proposes a way to de-transcendentalize the concept of the life-world (Lebenswelt), which is a phenomenological term for basic, pre-theoretical, intersubjective knowledge. The aim is to arrive at a conception that shows the decisive influence of the material background over the life-world. A critical examination of Don Ihde’s phenomenology indicates that the method of phenomenological reflection does not capture the influence of technologies in shaping the life-world and is restricted to the final stages of that shaping. The tools of science and technology studies (STS) are needed for de- transcendentalizing the concept of the life-world. Jurgen Habermas’s concept of the life-world is best suited to this task because it is quite consistent with the methodological requirements of STS and is least burdened by its phenomenological heritage. Nevertheless, some transcendentalist presuppositions are retained in the Habermas concept. These presuppositions are connected with the distinction between goal-oriented actions and communicative and strategic ones. Actor-network theory (ANT) methodology permits a reformulation of that distinction. First, the paper shows the similarity of ANT’s notion of the black box to Habermas’s concept of the life-world. Second, this paper formulates a conception for shaping the life-world which is consistent with ANT’s methodological requirements. Negotiation, which denotes the process of forming a black box by reducing the heterogeneity of multiple actors to one simple device or statement, is the key concept. In this way, the paper constructs a new theory of communication and the life-world free from the transcendentalist presuppositions that have undermined every concept of the life-world from Husserl to Habermas.
Keywords:  life-world; Lebenswelt; “black box”; communication; phenomenology; science and technology studies (STS); actor-network theory (ANT)
A Contribution to the Critique of the Gamification Project / Logos. 2015. № 1 (103). P. 100-129
annotation:  There is no well-defined attitude to the project of gamification in contemporary game studies. This paper aims to critically examine the gamification project in order to shape the attitude that this project would deserve. In order to achieve this aim, the following steps will be made in this paper: first, the technological aspects of gamification will be considered. The example of different alternate reality games (ARG) will be used to demonstrate how gameplay might intermediate the practices of everyday life. In the course of this consideration, a classification of ARG according to the level of the player’s immersion in these games will also be proposed. Secondly, this paper will raise the question oft how appropriate it is to talk about the deletion of the game/reality boundary in relation to the project of gamification. Considering this problem will allow us to clearly formulate that which defines the action of trying to gamify something. Thirdly, different perspectives on the goals of the project of gamification will be juxtaposed in this paper, namely those of the leftist gamification theorists on the one hand and those of the liberal gamification the orists on the other hand. This juxtaposition will show the extent to which gamification can be used to maintain capitalism or critique it and build an alternative economy. This will become the key point in forming a critical position on the project of gamification.
Keywords:  gamification; alternate reality games; performing belief; capitalism; alternative economy

Salin Alexey

Teaching assistant, Department of Philosophy for Natural Science Faculties, Faculty of Philosophy, alexsalin22@gmail.com. Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU), 27 Lomonosovsky Ave., Bldg 4, 119991 Moscow, Russia.

Publications

From the Phenomenology of Horror to the Phenomenology of Anxiety: Bibikhin, Heidegger and Overcoming of Correlationism / Logos. 2019. № 5 (132). P. 151-176
annotation:  This paper is an attempt to construct a new phenomenology that will be able to bring us back to things themselves, as Edmund Husserl had promised to his students. Such a phenomenology seeks to reveal and describe phenomena and the conditions of givenness which presuppose a failure of the subject’s capacity for representation and therefore permits an apprehension of something that exists as radically external to the subject. Description of such phenomena paves the way to undermining correlationism from the inside, and a phenomenology of this kind therefore feeds into what is termed speculative realism. Thе paper takes as a starting point Dylan Trigg’s phenomenology of horror, although it lacks a conceptual analysis of horrifying phenomena,and brings Jean-Luc Marion’s concept of a saturated phenomenon to bear on the conceptual analysis of horrifying phenomena. In addition to a phenomenology of horror, the paper also argues for an escape from correlationism by analyzing the feeling of anxiety. By means of a critical analysis of Vladimir Bibikhin’s translation of Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time, the paper establishes a phenomenological distinction between anxiety and horror. The phenomenon of one’s own death is analyzed as a fundamental phenomenon of anxiety. The analysis of the phenomenon of one’s own death introduces the new concept of a perverse phenomenon, which complements Marion’s classification of all possible phenomena. The paper erects a conceptual scheme to describe feelings of horror and anxiety, further analysis of which will enable phenomenology to transition from the life of consciousness to reality-as-it-is. The paper’s concludes with an indication of the phenomena of contemporary culture that should become primary objects of a realistic phenomenology of horror and anxiety.
Keywords:  phenomenology; speculative realism; correlationism; horror; anxiety; saturated phenomenon; perverse phenomenon.
How to pack the lebenswelt into a black box: assembly instructions / Logos. 2018. № 5 (126). P. 137-168
annotation:  This paper proposes a way to de-transcendentalize the concept of the life-world (Lebenswelt), which is a phenomenological term for basic, pre-theoretical, intersubjective knowledge. The aim is to arrive at a conception that shows the decisive influence of the material background over the life-world. A critical examination of Don Ihde’s phenomenology indicates that the method of phenomenological reflection does not capture the influence of technologies in shaping the life-world and is restricted to the final stages of that shaping. The tools of science and technology studies (STS) are needed for de- transcendentalizing the concept of the life-world. Jurgen Habermas’s concept of the life-world is best suited to this task because it is quite consistent with the methodological requirements of STS and is least burdened by its phenomenological heritage. Nevertheless, some transcendentalist presuppositions are retained in the Habermas concept. These presuppositions are connected with the distinction between goal-oriented actions and communicative and strategic ones. Actor-network theory (ANT) methodology permits a reformulation of that distinction. First, the paper shows the similarity of ANT’s notion of the black box to Habermas’s concept of the life-world. Second, this paper formulates a conception for shaping the life-world which is consistent with ANT’s methodological requirements. Negotiation, which denotes the process of forming a black box by reducing the heterogeneity of multiple actors to one simple device or statement, is the key concept. In this way, the paper constructs a new theory of communication and the life-world free from the transcendentalist presuppositions that have undermined every concept of the life-world from Husserl to Habermas.
Keywords:  life-world; Lebenswelt; “black box”; communication; phenomenology; science and technology studies (STS); actor-network theory (ANT)
A Contribution to the Critique of the Gamification Project / Logos. 2015. № 1 (103). P. 100-129
annotation:  There is no well-defined attitude to the project of gamification in contemporary game studies. This paper aims to critically examine the gamification project in order to shape the attitude that this project would deserve. In order to achieve this aim, the following steps will be made in this paper: first, the technological aspects of gamification will be considered. The example of different alternate reality games (ARG) will be used to demonstrate how gameplay might intermediate the practices of everyday life. In the course of this consideration, a classification of ARG according to the level of the player’s immersion in these games will also be proposed. Secondly, this paper will raise the question oft how appropriate it is to talk about the deletion of the game/reality boundary in relation to the project of gamification. Considering this problem will allow us to clearly formulate that which defines the action of trying to gamify something. Thirdly, different perspectives on the goals of the project of gamification will be juxtaposed in this paper, namely those of the leftist gamification theorists on the one hand and those of the liberal gamification the orists on the other hand. This juxtaposition will show the extent to which gamification can be used to maintain capitalism or critique it and build an alternative economy. This will become the key point in forming a critical position on the project of gamification.
Keywords:  gamification; alternate reality games; performing belief; capitalism; alternative economy
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