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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Kravchenko Artem

Kravchenko Artem

Lecturer, artemioskravchenko@gmail.com. Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences (MSSES), 82 Vernadskogo ave., Bldg 1, 119571 Moscow, Russia.

Publications

Visiting the Future: “The Young Pioneers’ Utopia” and Soviet Realities / Logos. 2017. № 5 (120). P. 187-218
annotation:  The article analyzes narratives describing journeys of the Soviet young pioneers into the future communist society. The greatest attention is devoted to two particular stories. The first one was written by Innokenty Zhukov and published in 1924. The second is written by Alexander Svetov and published in 1963. The author attempts to demonstrate that — through the comparison of children’s representation of everyday life in the so-called “bright future” — one can see the great changes of the Soviet society that occurred during the Khrushchev Thaw period compared to the 1920s. The key differences between the general atmosphere of the utopian visions in the 1920s and the thaw period can be clearly noted through the representation of the details of the daily ways of life. A particularly important aspect of the latter is the strengthening of the individualistic features of the protagonists. These features appear both through their distinctive behavior and habits, as well as their personal ambitions. Characters also become more open in demonstrating their attachment to family and feelings, including those of a romantic nature. That said, their overall devotion to collectivistic ideals and corresponding rhetoric remains unchanged.
Keywords:  Soviet childhood; utopia; Innokenty Zhukov; Alexander Svetov; young pioneers; Khrushchev Thaw

Kravchenko Artem

Lecturer, artemioskravchenko@gmail.com. Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences (MSSES), 82 Vernadskogo ave., Bldg 1, 119571 Moscow, Russia.

Publications

Visiting the Future: “The Young Pioneers’ Utopia” and Soviet Realities / Logos. 2017. № 5 (120). P. 187-218
annotation:  The article analyzes narratives describing journeys of the Soviet young pioneers into the future communist society. The greatest attention is devoted to two particular stories. The first one was written by Innokenty Zhukov and published in 1924. The second is written by Alexander Svetov and published in 1963. The author attempts to demonstrate that — through the comparison of children’s representation of everyday life in the so-called “bright future” — one can see the great changes of the Soviet society that occurred during the Khrushchev Thaw period compared to the 1920s. The key differences between the general atmosphere of the utopian visions in the 1920s and the thaw period can be clearly noted through the representation of the details of the daily ways of life. A particularly important aspect of the latter is the strengthening of the individualistic features of the protagonists. These features appear both through their distinctive behavior and habits, as well as their personal ambitions. Characters also become more open in demonstrating their attachment to family and feelings, including those of a romantic nature. That said, their overall devotion to collectivistic ideals and corresponding rhetoric remains unchanged.
Keywords:  Soviet childhood; utopia; Innokenty Zhukov; Alexander Svetov; young pioneers; Khrushchev Thaw
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