Author: Kralechkin Dmitry
holds a PhD in philosophy and is an independent scholar and
translator. He is the author (with Andrey Ushakov) of «EuroOntology» (2001),
«Th e End of Censorship» (2010). He is a coordinator at the Moscow College of
Philosophy, founder and contributing editor of the philosophical site Censura.
ru. E-mail: email@example.com.
Of Sealing Wax and Cabbages / Logos. 2014. № 4 (100). P. 293-318
annotation: The article analyzes critically the main theoretical premises of Graham Harman’s quadruple ontology of objects and his method of “productionism.” Although the assumptions of this ontology are removed from each other, they nonetheless have implicit links between them. The author shows that the main thesis of the theory of “vicarious causation” (that is, that the real Me directly encounters the sensual object) can be challenged, which challenges the entire conceptual framework at large. Harman’s framework hides the fact that the problem he aims to solve is not a causal problem, but rather a problem of defining “reality” itself after we have discarded the Kantian disposition of the conditions of experience being equal to the conditions of objects. The article suggests that Harman’s construction intends to solve the problem of non-predicative being by combining the ontological question about being with the ontic question about the composition of beings.
Keywords: Graham Harman, object-oriented ontology, Descartes, quadruple object, productionism, real Me
Enter Speculative Realism/ Logos. 2013. № 2 (92). P. 38-43
annotation: The article reconstructs the general philosophical economy of finitude beyond which Meillassoux has planned to go. The article demonstrates that the ‘circle of correlation’ as well as a ‘naïve realist’ attitude are constrained by specific ‘pragmatic contradictions’ which make any conceptualization of finitude shaky. Meillassoux uses a tension that is not concentrated at single points but spread all over the ‘vicious circle’ of finitude. His answer to the problem, however, ignores some possibilities of dealing with ‘facticity’ because it equates the ‘descriptivity’ of ontological conditions with the mere possibility of the correlation’s non-being.
Мейясу и экономия конечности/ Logos. 2013. № 2 (92). P. 44-69
Keywords: Meillassoux, ontology of finitude, facticity, transcendental conditions.
Widows, Children, and Assistants: the Inhabitants of the Hegelian University/ Logos. 2013. № 1 (91). P. 18-40
annotation: Drawing on several texts of Jacques Derrida, the article considers the ‘Hegelian aspect’ in the formation of modern university. The fusion of the education and the state marks the end of a free, celibate university, and the beginning of university as a singular insured structure functioning as the mirror of the state. Derrida suggests that the most vulnerable staff in the university (young teachers or postdoctoral students) is already inscribed in the dialectical and deconstructivist game of the repetition/outside production. But Derrida does not clarify that the productivity of this game which determines the critical instance and the possibility of a two-front struggle—against neoliberal state programs and university insiders conservatism—was dependent on the unique history of specific schools, in particular the École normale supérieure.
Keywords: Hegelian university, Jacques Derrida, deconstruction, state education.
Reproduction of the State in Conditions Unbearable for its Citizens / Logos. 2012. № 4 (88). P. 121-142
annotation: In the article, «revolution» is considered as a subject of philosophical reconstruction demonstrating that revolution as an event is constituted by the State itself. The basic example is the account of the French Revolution by Jean-Paul Sartre who presented revolutionary movements and uprisings in Paris as moments of dialectical transition from seriality to «group-in-fusion». Then the logic of Sartre is juxtaposed with a historical and theoretical account given by François Furet so as to make some conclusions about reproducing the State in revolution. City-based revolutions still refer to the Medieval notion of «politics» as a «science of the City» which prevailed before the «raison d’État», and this is one of their fundamental limitations.
Keywords: Sartre, group-in-fusion, revolution, Furet, revolutionary urbanism
The Flags of Hypocrisy: the Political Ontology of South Park/ Logos. 2012. № 2 (86). P. 178-194
annotation: The article considers several «political» episodes of the South Park series inscribing them into tradition of the American republicanism. Internal tensions and contradictions of the discourse of republicanism are presented as the starting point for plot twists in the series. «Hypocrisy» and «sincerity» are the terms used by the three founding fathers of the United States (Jefferson, Adams and Franklin) who are presented in the episode «I’m a Little Bit Country » as the authors of a specific political machine of appearances that allows to «seem both at once», «do one thing and say the opposite». The article analyzes how South Park provides its own fictional solution to the essential problems of the political discourse of «sincerity» which defines the economy of democratic and aristocratic distinctions. The resulting figure of power supporting the plot logic of the series is compared to Eric Cartman’s «hermaphroditic» mother who is dissimulating her actually being a father.
Keywords: South Park, republicanism, founding fathers, hypocrisy, pseudo-aristocracy