Author: Kralechkin Dmitriy
Philosopher, translator, independent scholar, Moscow, email@example.com.
Heidegger: Conspiracy Against Reality / Logos. 2018. № 3 (124). P. 27-50
annotation: The philosophical/textual reappraisals which have emerged in Heidegger studiesafter publication of the Black Notebooks are interpreted in this article as consistent with Heidegger’s modernist project presupposing certain strategies of isolation, withdrawal, and estrangement. Those strategies had become steadily less useful in the approach to World War II. Heidegger had identified several modes of concealment (authentic vs. manipulative, or false, ones), but he succumbed himself to a conceptual position of estrangement and exclusion that did not necessarily provide the expected cognitive benefits. That position imposed an extremely narrow range of options for abandoning the uncompleted project of Being and Time, which was in question precisely because it was susceptible to both naturalizing and anthropologizing. In his so-called Kehre or turn, Heidegger did not reject the original project of conceptualizing Being as an instance of estranging every ontic entity; on the contrary, he tried to accomplish it in a very bold way by elaborating a narrative structure for Being’s history that had no proper personages in previous versions. The “conspiracy,” regardless of how it may in fact be realized, is inevitable because it occupies an intermediary position between the “world” and “reality” (in Luc Boltanski’s terms) or between the “ontic” and “ontology,” the ontological distinction that lies at the centre of Heidegger’s philosophy. The abstract conceptual personages of Being and Time are replaced by personages in a conspiracy, and this move allows him to retain “agency,” and refrain from any anthropologizing and naturalizing (up to a point). However, Heidegger’s openness to terminology from conspiracy theories carries with it a range of unexpected consequences, including regarding the positions of conspirators (Jews, Bolsheviks etc.) as equivalent to “Caesarism.” The conspiracy against reality cannot be exempt from the production of that same reality whose personages in turn are setting the scene for self-annihilation.
Keywords: estrangement; Black Notebooks; Luc Boltanski; conspiracy theories
New Clarity in the “Heidegger Case”: A Round Table / Logos. 2018. № 3 (124). P. 205-231
annotation: The release of the Russian language translation of the first volume of Heidegger’s Black Notebooks was the occasion of a round table discussion held in Moscow at the Muzeon Park of Arts with Alexei Gloukhov, Dmitriy Kralechkin, Vitaly Kurennoy, Michail Maiatsky, and Igor Chubarov as guest speakers moderated by Valery Anashvili. In addition to the central topics of the volume, various aspects of Heidegger’s thought that now need reappraisal in light of the Black Notebooks (which are currently being translated into various languages) were also considered. Some of those aspects are purely biographical, such as the question of Heidegger’s so-called “error” and his “turn” or Kehre. Other aspects have ramifications beyond Heidegger’s views on such issues as what the “received opinons” (e.g. on anti-Semitism) at the time were and how they were dealt with by philosophers, anti-modernism, the similarities and differences in the critique of modernity from the “left” and the “right,” and the relationships between philosophy and politics or authority, anti-Semitism, etc.
Keywords: Martin Heidegger; Heidegger’s reception; anti-modernism; philosophy and power; anti-Semitism
Spinning Substances / Logos. 2017. № 4 (119). P. 1-10
annotation: The article examines a number of issues in contemporary anthropology of knowledge related to the opposition of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and “nontraditional” medical or paramedical practices such as homeopathy and osteopathy. It is suggested that such practices exploit the fundamental informational asymmetry produced by evidence-based medicine as one of its conditions. EBM takes an objectified approach that jeopardizes every customer or patient because the latter may turn out to be an outlier, and accordingly face unacceptably grave and potentially lethal consequences. For this reason, strategies of customizing and domesticating objective knowledge become very attractive. Such a domestication can clarify, to some extent, the therapeutic effect unexplained by EBM. At the same time, homeopathy and similar practices tap into the privilege of closed, club-based forms of knowledge and services: the privilege is itself privileged. The claims of the article are illustrated by an example from Soviet cinema, where homeopathy could play the role of a marker of criminality: homeopathy promoted the setup of a chronometric screen, permitting a distancing from official medicine, investigative authorities, etc. In the end, the opposition of EBM and homeopathy can be understood as a contrast between an anomaly that could kill, and an anomaly which one could live by. Homeopathy promises the patient to find them an individual place in theory, to make a personal account.
Keywords: anthropology of knowledge; evidence-based medicine; homeopathy; informational asymmetry; club-based practices; privilege
Plato Strikes Back / Logos. 2017. № 4 (119). P. 87-126
annotation: This article is a detailed review of Alexei Gloukhov’s work “Overlapping Waves. Political Logic and the Post-Nietzschean Overcoming of Platonism” (Moscow, 2014). Glouhkov’s project, a very productive crossover of Plato studies and contemporary political philosophy, tends to treat Plato as an exceptional personage who can resolve both problems of freedom and of justice. The article considers a number of issues related to the designation of the central conceptual figure of “intensive logic.” Then, Plato’s solution (as interpreted by Gloukhov) is contrasted with some questions of political theory, including the issue of the “incommensurability of goods.”
Methodologically, the article deals with problem of the heterogeneity of conceptions that are put together as a pattern meant to form invariant “intensive logic.” In particular, the author emphasizes the major divergence of analyses of “difference” in Deleuze and Derrida, the negligence of which can bias the resulting concept of “intensive thought.” The answer to the justice/freedom problem, as given by Plato according to Glouchov, is contrasted to mainstream political economy concepts, in particular to Mancur Olson’s “roving bandit.” The article demonstrates that Plato’s political logic can be treated as a codification of the violence that functions as a secondary legitimation of the social order. Plato’s performative answer to the problem of “Good” is viewed as a classical philosophical tautology that might not be a satisfying answer to the originally posed question. In the same way, Plato’s idea about the “proper good” allows us to relate the proposed interpretation to the contemporary context of theories of justice.
Keywords: Alexei Gloukhov; “Overlapping Waves”; Plato; post-nietzscheanism; intensive logic; freedom; justice
Losers, Animals, and Animals-Losers / Logos. 2016. № 2 (111). P. 180-180
In Defence of the Author (Steven Pinker. The Sense of Style) / Logos. 2015. № 1 (103). P. 289-298
Second-rate Category 5 Kaiju / Logos. 2014. № 6 (102). P. 107-122
annotation: The article tries to analyze Kaiju in the context of the postwar transformation of the liberal structure of the sciences. The emergence of “great” inventions disrupts the logic of the fallibilist development of knowledge mirrored by open liberal society. That logic is substituted within the redundancy system: one bomb brings about the other. The first Gojira (or Godzilla) depicts one possibility of breaking the system, using a countermeasure which interrupts the series of big discoveries, or the Kaju. Yet the latest Gojira (or Godzilla), from 2014, demonstrates the ambiguity of political boundaries. The imaginary solution consists in turning the Kaiju into a media ally which would guarantee society’s welfare.
Keywords: Godjira, Kaiju, knowledge, catastrophe, media
Daria among the Tribes / Logos. 2014. № 5 (101). P. 213-230
annotation: The article is focused on the schematism of the informal distribution of schoolchildren, which is featured in many American high school series. The names of different groups and cliques function as references to the positions and the distortions on the coordinate map of capitals (or abilities) and success. All the groups—preps, jocks, nerds, geeks, freaks—withdraw in some way from united communicative space, reacting by this evasion to the double bind of the school system. This is the background for the solutions developed in two extraordinary examples— John Hughes’s cult movie Breakfast Club and the MTV series Daria. If Hughes suggests that fictional borders can be overcome and fusion into united communication is possible, Daria can delimit the intellectual position only in a purely negative way, i. e. by constant undermining of all social relations and by the use of a prefabricated critical dictionary. All that is left to the intellectual in this situation is literature and creative writing.
Keywords: high school series, informal groups, John Hughes, Daria series, communication
Reason and Stupidity in the Digital Age / Logos. 2013. № 3 (93). P. 178-187