ru | En
PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Chubarov Igor

Chubarov Igor

— is a philosopher and historian of philosophy, researcher at the
Institute of Philosophy at Russian Academy of Science, member of the Center
of Modern Philosophy and Social Sciences at Moscow State University. Author of
several works on contemporary and early Soviet proletarian art, history of Russian
philosophy, theories of violence, theory of machines and media theory.
E-mail: tchubarov@rambler.ru

Publications

Walter Benjamin’s Media Theory and Russian Left Avant-Garde: Newspaper, Radio, Cinema / Logos. 2018. № 1 (122). P. 233-260
annotation:  Walter Benjamin is rightfully considered to be the founding father of contemporary media theory. When he travelled to Moscow in the late 1920s, he discovered works by Sergey Tretyakov and LEF authors, including films by Vertov, Pudovkin and Eisenstein. A bit later, in the 1930s, influenced by Bertolt Brecht, he closely investigates Tretyakov’s concept of the operating writer and starts to use it along with Brecht’s theory of radio and epic theater in order to develop his own theory. However, Benjamin has significantly rethought the Marxist idea of the necessity of changing the artist’s means of production, production apparatus and writing techniques in the context of the socialist revolution. This rethought idea, for him, consisted not just in the simple artistic expression of Marxist thought and the transformation of the artistic products: at its core, it was about changing the existing means of production and tools “in the spirit of the proletariat,” possible even in a capitalist society. This argument inspired Benjamin to write about the necessity for the artist to make use of the opportunities provided by new media, including photography, movies, radio, and mass communication. All these opportunities gave a kind of feedback option, a limitation of action (ceasura), film editing, distancing (Brecht’s V-effect), etc., which helped avoid a transformation of revolutionary statements into illusionist forms of entertainment and aestheticized forms of social relations. Furthermore, this paper investigates a little-known episode of Benjamin’s radio experience which occurred after his return from Moscow (1926–1927) and his articles on early Soviet art and literature which he wrote on the cusp of the 1920s–1930s.
Keywords:  Walter Benjamin; media theory; left Avant-Garde; Sergey Tretykov
Benjamin vs. Schmitt: Giorgio Agamben’s Mistake / Logos. 2017. № 7 (0). P. 17-26
annotation:  “Dangerous liaisons” of the left and right-conservative dis¬course have been discussed widely by different thinkers of the 20th century. Most sharply this issue rung in the context of long standing debates between the left esoteric Walter Benjamin and the conservative utopist Carl Schmitt. Based on the texts of Ben¬jamin and Schmitt of the 20s and 30s focused on a range of issues such as sovereignty, state of emergency or violence and language, the author exposes the irreducibility of the positions of these two thinkers and their fundamental political, metaphys¬ical and ethical alternativeness. The article critically analyses the approaches of famous modern day researchers to the theme referred to (Agamben), conditioned by their preconceived polit¬ical, theological and metaphysical convictions.
Keywords:  origins of law; sovereignty; state of emergency; affect; violence
Media, Media Science and Media Philosophy / Logos. 2015. № 2 (104). P. 92-105
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Machine Anthropology: a Belated Manifesto / Logos. 2015. № 2 (104). P. 122-141
annotation:  The task of this article consists of developing a sui generis machine logic, one that might become an alternative to the traditional onto-theo-logics. This new logic claims that the pre-predicative experience of human corporeality and sensibility, along with social models, could be expressed as a machine. And it provides justifications for the notions of “simple machine” or the artistic “toy-machine,” which are primary to the other types of machines, as well as the social megamachine (Lewis Mumford), and smart technologies. This article deals with the transcendental conditions of the emergence of such a machine, and the media preconditions of transcendence itself, which are treated as the machine’s a priori and as a symbolic language structure. A thesis regarding the nonexplicit machinic character of traditional human images is based on the history of media technologies, Lacan’s symbolic order, and the media theory of Gilbert Simondon and Friedrich Kittler. On the other hand, Heidegger’s theory of technology, the “desiring-machines” of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, and media theory by Gerald Raunig were thoroughly scrutinized. Heidegger’s key arguments, that “the essence of technology is itself nothing technological,” as well as his characterization of modern technology as Gestell (das Gestell), are criticized. These arguments provide an implicit assumption that the essence of “technology” is known in advance. Nevertheless, this essence is represented as no more than the ersatz of something technological, or as an anthropomorphous image of the machine. Thus, the machine cannot be placed into the hermeneutic circle without being replaced by its anthropological twin. It always slips away from any attempt to either to point to it or define it. The last part of the article considers mechanic images of the Russian Avantgarde, in comparison with western artistic projects of the time (surrealism, dadaism). However, such comparison does not lead to a simple demonstration of a common machine logic, but brings with it the crucial point of its problematic and autoreflexivity, which provides us with an understanding of the inadequate evaluation of Russian constructivism made by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari.
Keywords:  a machine notion; machine Utopias of the Avant-guard; Martin Heidegger’s philosophy of the technics; desiring machines by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari
The Excluded: Logic of Social Stigmatization in Popular Cinema / Logos. 2014. № 5 (101). P. 97-130
annotation:  This article presents a comparative analysis of two phenomena: the most popular contemporary pop culture image of the zombie, and the political and legal status of those excluded from society, namely of migrants and guest workers., broadly interpreted as an ontological, social, and anthropological entity. The closest to this is the status of the homo sacer, as analyzed by Giorgio Agamben—a being, which is not worth sacrifying, but may be killed by everybody without any consequences. The life of the living dead (as a life of every contemporary excluded being) is also realized in the conditions of the state of exclusion, which has become a norm and which is understood as an initial relation of exclusion.
Keywords:  exception, victim signs, fear, guilt, zombies, popular culture, homo sacer
“In the title Logos lies the idea of searching for the new — a new voice, a new language, a new word” / Logos. 2014. № 4 (100). P. 2-11
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Editorial Note / Logos. 2013. № 6 (96). P. 190-191
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Porn as an Art of Violence/ Logos. 2012. № 6 (90). P. 141-156
annotation:  The article explores the phenomenon of pornography at its prephenomenological and prediscursive level, hence in the initial context of religious taboo, moral prohibition, and laws. Pornography is considered not through its phenomenological obviousnesses (of copulating bodies), but on the layer of invisible and repressed violence, which is crucial for sexual arousal. Noteworthy is the fact that the law does not prosecute this violence, because it is precisely it, that appears the subject of law and its justifi cation.
Keywords:  pornography, violence, law, taboo, arousal, seduction, Franz Kafka, Giorgio Agamben, Walter Benjamin.
Benjamin is no match for Schmitt, or the Agamben’s Mistake/ Logos. 2012. № 5 (89). P. 44-67
annotation:  ‘Dangerous liaisons’ of the left and right-conservative discourse have been discussed widely by different thinkers of the 20th century. Most sharply this issue rung in the context of long standing debates between the left esoteric Walter Benjamin and the conservative utopist Carl Schmitt. Based on the texts of Benjamin and Schmitt of the 20s and 30s focused on a range of issues such as sovereignty, state of emergency or violence and language, the author exposes the irreducibility of the positions of these two thinkers and their fundamental political, metaphysical and ethical alternativeness. The article critically analyses the approaches of famous modern day researchers to the theme referred to (Agamben), conditioned by their preconceived political. theological and metaphysical convictions.
Keywords:  origins of law, sovereignty, state of emergency, affect, violence
Translation as an experience of non-sensual similarities. Reasons for failures of Walter Benjamin’s “The Task of the Translator” translations into the Russian language / Logos. 2011. № 5-6 (84). P. 237-252
annotation:  The article discusses the main issues of W. Benjamin’s “The Task of the Translator”, as well as the difficulties while translating this work into Russian. The main thesis of Benjamin’s work is that the traditional theories of translation that follow the ideas of literalness are combined with the ones that follow the spontaneous transmission of the meaning on a new ground, uniting the metaphysical idea of the “pure language” from his earlier works and the later idea of the language as archive of unsensitive affinities and unconscious mimetic capacities. However, the central point of his theory of language and translation is the idea of the empty, inexpressible and uninstrumentilized transcendental level, which can be understood only from his theory of history and memory, from quasitheological and quasipolitical speculations of his late period. The article is dedicated to the reconstruction of this idea, which was not explained by Benjamin himself.
Keywords:  Theories of translation, origin of language, unconscious mimetic ability, non-sensual mimesis, auration and ruination in art, inexpressible and symbolic in language
Аутоэротическая асфиксия, или «Собачий кайф»/ Logos. 2011. № 5-6 (84). P. 259-277
annotation: 
Keywords: 

Chubarov Igor

Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Science. Address: 12/1 Goncharnaya Str., 109240 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: tchubaroff@gmail.com

Publications

Walter Benjamin’s Media Theory and Russian Left Avant-Garde: Newspaper, Radio, Cinema / Logos. 2018. № 1 (122). P. 233-260
annotation:  Walter Benjamin is rightfully considered to be the founding father of contemporary media theory. When he travelled to Moscow in the late 1920s, he discovered works by Sergey Tretyakov and LEF authors, including films by Vertov, Pudovkin and Eisenstein. A bit later, in the 1930s, influenced by Bertolt Brecht, he closely investigates Tretyakov’s concept of the operating writer and starts to use it along with Brecht’s theory of radio and epic theater in order to develop his own theory. However, Benjamin has significantly rethought the Marxist idea of the necessity of changing the artist’s means of production, production apparatus and writing techniques in the context of the socialist revolution. This rethought idea, for him, consisted not just in the simple artistic expression of Marxist thought and the transformation of the artistic products: at its core, it was about changing the existing means of production and tools “in the spirit of the proletariat,” possible even in a capitalist society. This argument inspired Benjamin to write about the necessity for the artist to make use of the opportunities provided by new media, including photography, movies, radio, and mass communication. All these opportunities gave a kind of feedback option, a limitation of action (ceasura), film editing, distancing (Brecht’s V-effect), etc., which helped avoid a transformation of revolutionary statements into illusionist forms of entertainment and aestheticized forms of social relations. Furthermore, this paper investigates a little-known episode of Benjamin’s radio experience which occurred after his return from Moscow (1926–1927) and his articles on early Soviet art and literature which he wrote on the cusp of the 1920s–1930s.
Keywords:  Walter Benjamin; media theory; left Avant-Garde; Sergey Tretykov
Benjamin vs. Schmitt: Giorgio Agamben’s Mistake / Logos. 2017. № 7 (0). P. 17-26
annotation:  “Dangerous liaisons” of the left and right-conservative dis¬course have been discussed widely by different thinkers of the 20th century. Most sharply this issue rung in the context of long standing debates between the left esoteric Walter Benjamin and the conservative utopist Carl Schmitt. Based on the texts of Ben¬jamin and Schmitt of the 20s and 30s focused on a range of issues such as sovereignty, state of emergency or violence and language, the author exposes the irreducibility of the positions of these two thinkers and their fundamental political, metaphys¬ical and ethical alternativeness. The article critically analyses the approaches of famous modern day researchers to the theme referred to (Agamben), conditioned by their preconceived polit¬ical, theological and metaphysical convictions.
Keywords:  origins of law; sovereignty; state of emergency; affect; violence
Media, Media Science and Media Philosophy / Logos. 2015. № 2 (104). P. 92-105
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Machine Anthropology: a Belated Manifesto / Logos. 2015. № 2 (104). P. 122-141
annotation:  The task of this article consists of developing a sui generis machine logic, one that might become an alternative to the traditional onto-theo-logics. This new logic claims that the pre-predicative experience of human corporeality and sensibility, along with social models, could be expressed as a machine. And it provides justifications for the notions of “simple machine” or the artistic “toy-machine,” which are primary to the other types of machines, as well as the social megamachine (Lewis Mumford), and smart technologies. This article deals with the transcendental conditions of the emergence of such a machine, and the media preconditions of transcendence itself, which are treated as the machine’s a priori and as a symbolic language structure. A thesis regarding the nonexplicit machinic character of traditional human images is based on the history of media technologies, Lacan’s symbolic order, and the media theory of Gilbert Simondon and Friedrich Kittler. On the other hand, Heidegger’s theory of technology, the “desiring-machines” of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, and media theory by Gerald Raunig were thoroughly scrutinized. Heidegger’s key arguments, that “the essence of technology is itself nothing technological,” as well as his characterization of modern technology as Gestell (das Gestell), are criticized. These arguments provide an implicit assumption that the essence of “technology” is known in advance. Nevertheless, this essence is represented as no more than the ersatz of something technological, or as an anthropomorphous image of the machine. Thus, the machine cannot be placed into the hermeneutic circle without being replaced by its anthropological twin. It always slips away from any attempt to either to point to it or define it. The last part of the article considers mechanic images of the Russian Avantgarde, in comparison with western artistic projects of the time (surrealism, dadaism). However, such comparison does not lead to a simple demonstration of a common machine logic, but brings with it the crucial point of its problematic and autoreflexivity, which provides us with an understanding of the inadequate evaluation of Russian constructivism made by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari.
Keywords:  a machine notion; machine Utopias of the Avant-guard; Martin Heidegger’s philosophy of the technics; desiring machines by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari
The Excluded: Logic of Social Stigmatization in Popular Cinema / Logos. 2014. № 5 (101). P. 97-130
annotation:  This article presents a comparative analysis of two phenomena: the most popular contemporary pop culture image of the zombie, and the political and legal status of those excluded from society, namely of migrants and guest workers., broadly interpreted as an ontological, social, and anthropological entity. The closest to this is the status of the homo sacer, as analyzed by Giorgio Agamben—a being, which is not worth sacrifying, but may be killed by everybody without any consequences. The life of the living dead (as a life of every contemporary excluded being) is also realized in the conditions of the state of exclusion, which has become a norm and which is understood as an initial relation of exclusion.
Keywords:  exception, victim signs, fear, guilt, zombies, popular culture, homo sacer
“In the title Logos lies the idea of searching for the new — a new voice, a new language, a new word” / Logos. 2014. № 4 (100). P. 2-11
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Editorial Note / Logos. 2013. № 6 (96). P. 190-191
annotation: 
Keywords: 
Porn as an Art of Violence/ Logos. 2012. № 6 (90). P. 141-156
annotation:  The article explores the phenomenon of pornography at its prephenomenological and prediscursive level, hence in the initial context of religious taboo, moral prohibition, and laws. Pornography is considered not through its phenomenological obviousnesses (of copulating bodies), but on the layer of invisible and repressed violence, which is crucial for sexual arousal. Noteworthy is the fact that the law does not prosecute this violence, because it is precisely it, that appears the subject of law and its justifi cation.
Keywords:  pornography, violence, law, taboo, arousal, seduction, Franz Kafka, Giorgio Agamben, Walter Benjamin.
Benjamin is no match for Schmitt, or the Agamben’s Mistake/ Logos. 2012. № 5 (89). P. 44-67
annotation:  ‘Dangerous liaisons’ of the left and right-conservative discourse have been discussed widely by different thinkers of the 20th century. Most sharply this issue rung in the context of long standing debates between the left esoteric Walter Benjamin and the conservative utopist Carl Schmitt. Based on the texts of Benjamin and Schmitt of the 20s and 30s focused on a range of issues such as sovereignty, state of emergency or violence and language, the author exposes the irreducibility of the positions of these two thinkers and their fundamental political, metaphysical and ethical alternativeness. The article critically analyses the approaches of famous modern day researchers to the theme referred to (Agamben), conditioned by their preconceived political. theological and metaphysical convictions.
Keywords:  origins of law, sovereignty, state of emergency, affect, violence
Translation as an experience of non-sensual similarities. Reasons for failures of Walter Benjamin’s “The Task of the Translator” translations into the Russian language / Logos. 2011. № 5-6 (84). P. 237-252
annotation:  The article discusses the main issues of W. Benjamin’s “The Task of the Translator”, as well as the difficulties while translating this work into Russian. The main thesis of Benjamin’s work is that the traditional theories of translation that follow the ideas of literalness are combined with the ones that follow the spontaneous transmission of the meaning on a new ground, uniting the metaphysical idea of the “pure language” from his earlier works and the later idea of the language as archive of unsensitive affinities and unconscious mimetic capacities. However, the central point of his theory of language and translation is the idea of the empty, inexpressible and uninstrumentilized transcendental level, which can be understood only from his theory of history and memory, from quasitheological and quasipolitical speculations of his late period. The article is dedicated to the reconstruction of this idea, which was not explained by Benjamin himself.
Keywords:  Theories of translation, origin of language, unconscious mimetic ability, non-sensual mimesis, auration and ruination in art, inexpressible and symbolic in language
Аутоэротическая асфиксия, или «Собачий кайф»/ Logos. 2011. № 5-6 (84). P. 259-277
annotation: 
Keywords: 
All authors

© 1991—2018 Логос. Философско-литературный журнал.
Все права защищены.
Дизайн Юлия Михина, jmikhina@gmail.com,
программирование Антон Чубченко