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ISSN 0869-5377
Author: Charniauskaya Yuliya

Charniauskaya Yuliya

Professor, Faculty of Culturology and Sociocultural Activity, Belarusian State University of Culture and Arts (BSUCA), 7 Rabkhrovskaya str., 220007 Minsk, Republic of Belarus.


The Soviet as the Childlike: The Case of the Courtyard / Logos. 2017. № 5 (120). P. 219-240
annotation:  Any state is a result of government regulations and grassroots habits. It is a consensus of the explicit and implicit, the personal and general, the internal and the external, innovation and tradition. The creation of the new man was one of the main objectives of the Soviet regime; this was the goal of the of the Soviet child’s education. This process took place not only at the direct level of requirements and prohibitions, but also at the contextual level of everyday life. This paper is based on the “center-periphery” model. The author analyzes the ways these concepts — as well as the existence of the USSR and the world — are absorbed though the children’s everyday life. The analysis is based on the children’s folklore. The category of childhood is one of the constants of the Soviet habitus that gave stability to the whole society. This paper follows the playful ways used by children to acquire and adopt pre-Soviet and Soviet everyday life practices, events of history and Soviet ideology. The analysis of these practices shows that the child learns by ideology. Children’s discourse combines story, joke, propaganda and reality. For this reason, the world of the Soviet child is an optimistic world. The children’s basic patterns of belonging to the Soviet integrity — produced in the outdoors game space — are as follows: adaptation of public interest to itself and to time fluctuations, currents of fashion; acquisition of security by using the rhetoric of omnipotence; sacrifice for a higher, harmonious world order.
Keywords:  Soviet Union; ideology; everyday social conventions; socio-cultural landscape of the Soviet courtyard; children’s games and rhymes; war; the enemy image
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