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PHILOSOPHICAL
LITERARY
JOURNAL
ISSN 0869-5377
The Logos Journal

Philosophy as Cryptography


Author: Dudenkova Irina

About author:
Senior Lecturer, Department of Liberal Arts, School of Public Policy, irinafil@bk.ru. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), 82 Vernadskogo ave., 119571 Moscow, Russia.

Annotation:
This paper considers the reading of a philosophical work as an experience of revelation without Revelation. The secret as the “open closed” or the “manifest implicit” can be understood as a function of a transcendental distinction which remains a problematic issue in contemporary philosophical discussions about the epistemological characteristics of an explanation and the speculative properties of reality. Philosophy as cryptography makes skillful use of the observation that two fundamentally important epistemological modes of the philosophy of Modernity — trust and suspicion — are essentially asymmetric. Trust gravitates towards the absolute, to all completeness and clarity of insight, whereas the smallest, most insignificant and groundless occasion may be reason for suspicion. This asymmetry gives new meaning to Martin Heidegger’s reflections on the essence of truth, rehabilitating the understanding of truth as unconcealedness (aletheia). Truth, much like a secret, exists as, and the establishes borders between, open and closed. Using Heidegger’s understanding of truth as unconcealedness, the paper draws a hitherto unexplored connection between Derrida and Meillassoux. They agree in their refusal to grant subjective experience the power to demarcate the phenomenal from the noumenal, yet disagree in their understanding of the function of the secret. For Derrida, the function of the secret is a disjunction, it presupposes a distancing, a divergence, a gap. On the contrary, Meillassoux attributes a conjunctive function to the secret — akin to cast dice — of combining, coinciding and overlapping. Thus, the philosophical cryptographic method provides an opportunity to reconfigure the established positions of contemporary continental philosophy.

Keywords: secret; truth; suspicion; open; phenomenal; Martin Heidegger; Jacques Derrida; Quentin Meillassoux

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