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ISSN 0869-5377
The Logos Journal

The Problem of Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenology

Author: Fink Eugen

About author:
German phenomenologist, Еdmund Husserl’s and Martin Heidegger’s disciple. A er the war, he became a professor at the University of Freiburg. A 20-volume edition of his writings is currently being prepared for publication.

In his seminal article from 1939, Fink presents his interpretation of Husserl’s philosophy by addressing the question of what the main problem of philosophy is. In his introduction, Fink stresses that at the start of any philosophy, including phenomenology, we find an astonishment that “reaches” and “overcomes” man and is experienced by him. The way a philosophy comes to grips with astonishment determines that philosophy’s characteristics and its main problem. The latter de defines the whole agenda and method of the philosophy. The problem of the Being is, for Husserl, the crucial problem in phenomenology, and he interprets it as a problem of evidence. Fink will follow a certain plan in his interpretation of Husserl’s phenomenology, but the article develops only the first two items in his plan: being as a phenomenon and intentional analysis. Fink gives a specific interpretation of Husserl’s famous motto “to the things themselves:” according to Fink, this is a claim aiming to surpass habitual understandings and seeming clarity, and to find being in its given-ness. Only consciousness, under- stood in an intentional way, can o er access to being as to a phenomenon-giving-itself-by-itself. Intentional analysis is a method for researching consciousness, and it provides a way back to the beginnings of knowledge, i.e. to evidence. The latter is the genuine and immediate given-ness of being through vision. e aim of phenomenology is to come back from everyday evidence to the beginning through the constant questioning of mock-evidence.

Keywords: Eugen Fink; Edmund Husserl; philosophical astonishment; evidence; intentional analysis

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